What is Individually Identifiable Health Information?

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What is for my part identifiable well being data and what should HIPAA-covered entities do to the guidelines earlier than it may be shared for causes no longer detailed within the authorized makes use of and disclosures of the HIPAA Privacy Rule?

What is Individually Identifiable Health Information?

Before answering the query, what is for my part identifiable well being data, it is important to outline well being data.

HIPAA defines well being data as any data created or won via a HIPAA-covered entity (healthcare supplier, well being plan, or healthcare clearinghouse) or trade affiliate of a HIPAA-covered entity.

Health data comprises previous, provide, and long run details about psychological and bodily well being and the situation of a person, the supply of healthcare to a person, and knowledge associated with fee for healthcare, once more previously, provide, or long run. Health data additionally comprises demographic details about a person.

Individually identifiable well being data is a subset of well being data, and because the title suggests, is well being data that may be related to a particular particular person, or if it will be affordable to imagine that a person may well be recognized from the guidelines. (See fourfive CFR 46.160.103).

The HIPAA Privacy Rule puts restrictions on makes use of and disclosures of for my part identifiable well being data, however no longer on well being data that doesn’t permit a person to be recognized.

If a HIPAA-covered entity has an information set containing for my part identifiable well being data, earlier than the guidelines will also be shared with a company or person for a reason why that may another way be prohibited below the HIPAA Privacy Rule, the knowledge should first be de-identified.

De-identifying well being data calls for the next 18 identifiers to be got rid of from the knowledge set previous to sharing:

  1. Full title or closing title and preliminary(s)
  1. Geographical identifiers smaller than a state, with the exception of the preliminary 3 digits of a zipper code, equipped the mix of all zip codes beginning with the ones 3 digits. When the preliminary 3 digits of a zipper code incorporates 20,000 or fewer other people it is modified to 000
  2. Dates without delay associated with a person, rather than yr
  3. Phone Numbers
  4. Fax numbers
  5. Email addresses
  6. Social Security numbers
  7. Medical document numbers
  8. Health insurance coverage beneficiary numbers
  9. Account numbers
  10. Certificate/license numbers
  11. Vehicle identifiers
  12. Device identifiers and serial numbers;
  13. Web Uniform Resource Locators (URLs)
  14. IP addresses
  15. Biometric identifiers, together with finger, retinal and voice prints
  16. Full face photographic pictures and any similar pictures
  17. Any different distinctive figuring out quantity, feature, or code with the exception of the original code assigned via the investigator to code the knowledge

Further data on how one can deidentify well being data will also be considered in this hyperlink.

What is Individually Identifiable Health Information?

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